The Virus and the Vaccine

The most-asked questions about COVID-19 and the vaccine


So far, 2021 is just as interesting as 2020. One thing we have an advantage for this year is a possible simmer out of COVID-19. Here are some of the most asked questions about the virus and its vaccine:

What is COVID-19?

COVID-19 is a new coronavirus that has not previously been found in humans. The known start was Wuhan, China in early November 2020. Research is still being done regarding the exact way this coronavirus originated.

What are symptoms of the virus?

Some cases can include mild symptoms including: fever, chills, fatigue, muscle or body aches, headaches, cough, shortness of breath, and loss of taste or smell. While usually mild, the coronavirus can also lead to severe illness or even death.

How to stop the spread?

Many places, including the Center of Disease Control and Prevention(CDC) recommend:

  • Masks worn when with people outside your household
  • Frequent hand washing
  • Staying home when feeling sick
  • Social distancing and remaining 6 feet apart

Is there a vaccine?

Currently there are two forms of the COVID-19 vaccine. Moderna and Pfizer/BioNTech– both approved for Emergency Use Authorization. These mRNA type vaccines teach our cells how to make a spike protein, triggering an immune response inside our bodies. That immune response produces antibodies and is what protects us from getting infected if the real virus enters our bodies.

When is the vaccine available to me?

The general public will not receive the vaccine until Summer 2021 or later. Currently, the vaccine in our area is finishing in the 1a category of distribution and beginning 1b. This means it is going out to healthcare workers, long term care residents and providers, first responders and people 65 years and older. Next up in the phase 1b is education personal, which is expected to begin in March. The status of distribution is continuing to change. For further explanation of the phases, visit

Is the vaccine free?

Yes, every form of the vaccine is free! In some cases you might see a charge to insurance, but both private and public companies will be covering the fee. Those without insurance will also receive the vaccine for free.

Is the vaccine safe to get?

The short answer is yes. According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) these vaccines are shown to be safe and effective as determined by data from the manufacturers and findings from large clinical trials.

Should I get the vaccine if I already had COVID?

Yes, there isn’t any data of immunity after contracting the disease.

What are the side effects?

Side effects of the vaccine include fever, chills, fatigue, muscle or body aches, headaches. Symptoms such as sore throat or fever may result in necessary COVID-19 testing.


To stay up to date on the ever-changing COVID-19 virus and vaccine in Fond du Lac County, visit